Aglianico is an ancient grape which thrives on volcanic soils in Campania. The most reknown Aglianico wines come from Taurasi in the province of Avellino. Considered the king of Southern red wine varieties, it produces wines that tend to be deep in color, tannic and intense. They can age for decades. Aglianico is famous from both Campania and neighboring Basilicata where the vine grows on Mount Vulture.
Falanghina hails from Campania and was first mentioned in 1825. In the past this vine was attached to spikes which were also called Falanghe and apparently that’s how the grape got its name. It is used in many denominazione d’origine controllata (D.O.C.) wines in the region including, among others, the Campi Flegre D.O.C., Guardiolo D.O.C., Penisola Sorrentina D.O.C., Sant’Agata di Goti D.O.C. (in the news after De Blasio’s visit), Solopaca D.O.C., Taburno D.O.C. and Falerno di Massico.
Falanghina is a lively white grape variety that has great body, beautiful color and a floral and fruity bouquet on the nose and palate. Falanghina was said to be part of the blend of Falernian, a wine renowned in ancient Rome. Whatever the definitive history is of the grape, one thing is certain, it makes wonderful wines.
This is a very antique variety that existed during Roman times and is said to come from the area around Avellino. Fiano grows best in volcanic soils. It produces wines with distinct minerality, good acidity and aromas and flavors of fruit, flowers and nuts. While it is usually vinified into dry wine, it can also be used in the production of late harvest or sweet wines. It grows in both Campania and Puglia. This white grape variety is often blended with other indigenous varieties such as Greco, Trebbiano and Coda di Volpe in the denominazione d’origine controllata (D.O.C.) wines. It is also often made into a monovarietal wine, Fiano d’Avellino became a denominazione d’origine controllata e garantita (D.O.C.G.) in 2003.
Thought to have been brought to Italy from Greece, in the 7th-8th century B.C. by Greek colonists, it is generally considered to have landed near the area around Vesuvio in Campania. It produces lovely white wines with a golden color, good acidity and astringency. It is grown in different parts of Campania including Avellino, Benevento, Napoli, and Salerno as well as in Puglia. It is also grown in parts of Tuscany and Lazio. Greco di Tufo became a DOCG, the highest Italian wine denomination some years ago.